A controlled substance is a drug that is regulated by the government and would be illegal to possess without a prescription. The substances are divided into categories called “schedules.” There are schedules 1 through 5. The schedules are classified based on their potential for abuse and addiction, and currently accepted medical use in the U.S.
The potential penalties for crimes related to use, possession, and driving under the influence vary based on the schedule of the substance, the weight possessed, and the particular substance.
Schedule 1 Substances
A schedule 1 substance is a drug that has a high potential for abuse has currently no accepted medical use.
Schedule 1 substances include;
- MDMA and Ecstasy
- LSD and other hallucinogens
Schedule 2 Substances
A schedule 2 substance has a high potential for abuse leading to psychological dependence and appropriate medical uses.
Schedule 2 substances include;
See our list complete list of schedule 2 substances.
Schedule 3 Substances
A schedule 3 substance has a potential for abuse less than schedule 1 and 2 drugs that may lead to moderate to low physical or psychological dependence.
Schedule 3 substances include;
- Combination products with acetaminophen such as with hydrocordone
Schedule 4 Substances
A schedule 4 substance has a low potential for abuse relative to substances in schedule 3.
Schedule 4 substances include;
Schedule 5 Substances
A schedule 5 substance has a low potential for abuse relative to schedule 4 substances
Schedule 5 substances include mostly preparations of drugs that include small quantities of opiates and ephedrine.
The schedule of the drug is not related to the safety of the drug. For example, marijuana is included in schedule 1, while fentanyl, an opiate 75 times stronger than morphine, is in schedule 2.
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Sam Bernstein is a Criminal Defense Lawyer in Ypsilanti and Ann Arbor.
ArborYpsi Law is located at 4158 Washtenaw Ave., Ann Arbor, MI 48108.