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First Degree Vulnerable Adult Abuse
1st Degree Vulnerable Adult abuse is a felony, punishable by up to 15 years in prison, a $10,000.00 fine, or both. MCL 750.145n(1)
What is First Degree Vulnerable Adult Abuse?
This is a crime where a caregiver intentionally causes serious physical or serious mental harm to a vulnerable adult. A caregiver is someone who directly cares for or has physical custody of a vulnerable adult.
Who is a Vulnerable Adult?
A vulnerable adult is
An individual age 18 or over who because of age, developmental disability, mental illness or physical handicap requires supervision or personal care or lacks the personal and social skills required to live independently,
A person 18 years of age or older who is placed in an adult foster care family home or an adult foster care small group home,
A person not less than 18 years of age who is suspected of being or believed to be abused, neglected, or being exploited.
What is Serious Physical or Serious Mental Harm?
Serious physical harm is an injury that threatens the life of a vulnerable adult, causes substantial bodily disfigurement, or serious impairs the functioning or well-being of the vulnerable adult.
Serious mental harm is an injury that results in a substantial alteration of mental functioning that is manifested in a visibly demonstrable manner.
Matter of Degrees
This article discusses first degree vulnerable adult abuse. There are four different vulnerable adult crimes, varying in seriousness of act and punishment by degrees. These include
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